A continuación encontrará los enlaces que le llevarán a la bibliografía fundamental para el uso del CardioQ™ y el seguimiento con Doppler Transesofágico. La bibliografía se divide en tres categorías de la siguiente manera:

  1. ODM documentos de validación
    1. Dark P. Trans-oesophageal Doppler derived cardiac output: is it valid in clinical practice? British Journal of Intensive Care 2006 Spring
    2. Devanand A. Clinical Trial: Continuous hemodynamic monitoring by esophageal Doppler in severe sepsis. 2005
    3. English JD, Moppett IK. Feasibility of performing transoesophageal Doppler measurements in awake, unpremedicated, healthy volunteers. 2005
    4. Sharma J, Bhise M, Singh A, Mehta Y, Trehan N. Hemodynamic measurements after cardiac surgery: transesophageal Doppler versus pulmonary artery catheter. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2005; 19(6):746-750
    5. Vallee F, Fourcade O, De Soyres O, Angles O, Sanchez-Verlaan P, Pillard F, Smail N, Olivier M, Genestal M, Samii. Stroke output variations calculated by esophageal Doppler is a reliable predictor of fluid response. Intensive Care Med 2005; 31:1388-1393
    6. Walker D, Usher S, Hartin J, Adam S, Brandner B, Chieveley-Williams S. Early experiences with the new awake oesophageal Doppler probe. 2005
    7. Bein B, Worthmann F, Tonner PH, Paris A, Steinfath M, Hedderich J, Scholz J. Comparison of esophageal Doppler, pulse contour analysis, and real-time pulmonary artery hermodilution for the continuous measurement of cardiac output. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2004;18(2):185-189
    8. Dark PM, Singer M. The validity of trans-esophageal Doppler ultrasonography as a measure of cardiac output in critically ill adults. Intensive Care Med 2004; 30:2060-2066
    9. KwangMin K, InSuk K, HyunMook C, TaeHyung H. Comparison of cardiac outputs of major burn patients undergoing extensive early escharectomy: esophageal Doppler monitor versus thermodilution pulmonary artery catheter. J Trauma 2004; 57(5):1013-1017
    10. Chew MS, Poelaert J. Accuracy and repeatability of pediatric cardiac output measurement using Doppler: 20-year review of the literature. Intensive Care Med 2003; 29(11):1889 -1894
    11. Cholley BP, Singer M. Esophageal Doppler: Noninvasive Cardiac Output Monitor.Echocardiography: A Jrnl Of CV Ultrasound & Allied Tech 2003; 20:8:763
    12. Gunn S, Harrigan P, Pinsky MR. Ability of arterial pulse contour and esophageal pulsed Doppler measures to estimate rapid changes in left ventricular output. 2003
    13. Hullett B, Gibbs N, Weightman W, Thackray M, Newman M. A comparison of CardioQ™ and thermodilution cardiac output during off-pump coronary artery surgery. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2003; 17:728-732
    14. Iregui MG, Prentice D, Sherman G, Schallom L, Sona C, Kollef MH. Physicians’ estimates of cardiac index and intravascular volume based on clinical assessment versus tranesophageal Doppler measurements obtained by critical care nurses. Am J Crit Care 2003; 12(4):336-342
    15. Roeck M, Jakob SM, Boehlen T, Brander L, Knuesel R, Takala J. Change in stroke volume in response to fluid challenge: assessment using esophageal Doppler. Intensive Care Med 2003; 29(10):1729-1735
    16. Seoudi HM, Perkal MF, Hanrahan A, Angood PB. The esophageal Doppler monitor in mechanically ventilated surgical patients: Does it work? The Journal of Trauma, Injury, Infection, and Critical Care 2003; 55(4): 720-726
    17. Mohan UR, Britto J, Habibi P, Munter C, Nadel S. Noninvasive measurement of cardiac output in critically ill children. Pediatr Cardiol 2002; 23(1):58-61
    18. Kodakat SK, Delaguila M, Trivedi U, Kong R. Oesophageal Doppler monitoring of descending aortic blood flow velocity during pump-off coronary artery bypass surgery. Crit Care 2001; 5(4):1-8
    19. Odenstedt H, Aneman A, Svensson M, Oi Y, Stenqvist O, Lundin S. Descending aortic blood flow and cardiac output: A clinical and experimental study of continuous oesophageal echo-Doppler flowmetry. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2001; 45:180-187
    20. Tibby SM, Hatherhill M, Durward A, Murdoch IA. Are transesophageal Doppler parameters a reliable guide to paediatric haemodynamic status and fluid management? Intensive Care Med 2001; 27:201-205
    21. Penny JA, Anthony J, Shennan AH, de Swiet M, Singer M. A comparison of hemodynamic data derived by pulmonary artery flotation catheter and the esophageal Doppler monitor in preeclampsia. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2000 ; 183:658-661
    22. Shaw AD, Weavind LM, Parmley L. Comparison of thermodilution, esophageal Doppler and transesophageal echocardiography data in the hemodynamic assessment of critically ill cancer patients. Crit Care Med 2000; 28:12, 159/M65
    23. Tibby SM, Hatherill M, Murdoch IA. Use of transesophageal Doppler ultrasonography in ventilated pediatric patients: Derivation of cardiac output. Crit Care Med 2000; 28(6):2045-2050
    24. Madan AK, UyBarreta VV, Aliabadi-Wahle S, Jesperson R, Hartz R, Flint LM, Steinberg SM. Esophageal Doppler ultrasound monitor versus Pulmonary Artery Catheter in the hemodynamic management of critically iII surgical patients. The Journal of Trauma Injury, Infection & Critical Care1999; 46(4):607-611
    25. Marik PE. Pulmonary Artery Catheterization and esophageal Doppler monitoring in the ICU. Chest1999; 116:1085-1091
    26. Guzzetta NA, Ramsay JG, Bailey JM, Palmer-Steele C. Clinical Evaluation of the esophageal Doppler Monitor for continuous cardiac output monitoring. Anesth Analg 1998 86:SCA1-SCA124
    27. Latham P, Greilich PE, DiCorte CJ, Cooley MV, Grayburn PA, Jessen ME. Esophageal Doppler monitoring (EDM): the effect of preload, afterload, and contractility on peak velocity. Ann Thorac Surg 1998
    28. Matthews PC. Cardiac output measurement using the TECO 1 oesophageal Doppler monitor. A comparison with thermodilution. International Journal of Intensive Care 1998 Autumn
    29. Valtier B, Cholley BP, Belot JP, de la Coussaye JE, Mateo J, Payen DM. Noninvasive monitoring of cardiac output in critically ill patients using transesophageal Doppler. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1998; 158:77-83
    30. Nakatsuka M, Fisher RA, Ham JM, Seaman DS, Posner MP. Validation of the esophageal doppler cardiac function monitor with the standard thermodilution method during liver transplantation. Anesth Analg 1997; S4, SCA1-SCA127
    31. Sorohan J, Gilber HC, Atwell D, Sladen RN, Votapka TV, O’Connor BO, Mythen MG. Dual-Center validation of an esopahageal Doppler continuous cardiac output monitor. Crit Care Med 1997
    32. Klotz KF, Klingsiek S, Singer M, Wenk H, Eleftheriadis S, Juppe H, Schmucker P. Continuous measurement of cardiac output during aortic cross-clamping by the oesophageal Doppler monitor ODM 1. Br J Anesth 1995; 74:655-660
    33. Murdoch IA, Marsh MJ, Tibby SM, McLuckie A. Continuous haemodynamic monitoring in children: use of transesophageal Doppler. Acta Paediatr 1995; 84:761-764
    34. Singer M, Payen DM, Webb AR. Haemodynamic monitoring in surgical and intensive care, haemodynamic management: are we doing it right? International Proceedings Journal 1994 Vol 1, No 1
    35. Singer M, Vermatt J, Hall G, Latter G, Patel M. Hemodynamic effects of manual hyperinflation in critically ill mechanically ventilated patients. Chest 1994; 106:1182-1087
    36. Lefrant JY, Aya G, de La Coussaye JE, Bassoul B, Auffray JP, Eledjam JJ. Comparison of cardiac output measured by esophageal Doppler vs Thermodilution. Intensive Care Med 1992; 18(2):S177, P238
    37. Singer M, Bennett ED. Noninvasive optimization of left ventricular filling using esophageal Doppler. Crit Care Med 1991; 19(9):1132-1137
    38. Singer M, Bennett ED. Optimisation of positive end expiratory pressure for maximal delivery of oxygen to tissues using oesophageal Doppler ultrasonography. Br Med J 1989; 298:1350-1353
    39. Singer M, Clarke J, Bennett ED. Continuous hemodynamic monitoring by esophageal Doppler. Crit Care Med 1989; 17(5):447-452
    40. Fisher DC, Sahn DJ, Friedman MJ, Larson D, Lilliam MS, Valdes-Cruz M, Horowitz S Goldberg SJ, Allen HD. The mitral valve orifice method for noninvasive two-dimensional echo Doppler determinations of cardiac output. Circ 1983; 67(4):872-877
    41. Cuschien J, Rivers E, Caruso J, Hays G, Dereczyk B, Ong R, Pamukov N, Guslits B, Katilius M, Horst HM. A comparison of transesophageal Doppler thermodilution and Fick cardiac output measurements in critically ill patients.
    42. De Castro V, Goarin JP, Lhotel L, Mabrouk N, Perel A, Coriat P. Comparison of stroke volume (SV) and stroke volume respiratory variation (SVV) measured by the axillary artery pulse-contour method and by aortic Doppler echocardiography in patients undergoing aortic. Br J Anaesth 2006; 97(5):605-610
    43. Kincaid EH, Fly MG, Chang MC. Noninvasive measurements of preload using esophageal Doppler are superior to pressure-based estimates in critically injured patients
  2. Documentos clínicos del seguimiento Doppler transesofágico
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  3. Bibliografía ECA
    1. Bundgaard-Nielsen M, Ruhnau B, Secher NH, Kehlet H. Flow-related techniques for preoperative goal-directed fluid optimisation. Br J Anaesth 2006; 98(1):38-44
    2. Chytra I, Pradl R, Bosman R, Pelnar P, Kasal E, Zidkova. Esophageal Doppler guided fluid management decreases blood lactate levels in multiple trauma patients: a randomized controlled trial. Crit Care 2007; 11:R24
    3. Harvey S, Stevens K, Harrison D, Young D, Brampton W, McCabe C, Singer M, Rowan K. An evaluation of the clinical and cost-effectiveness of pulmonary artery catheters in patient management in intensive care: a systematic review and a randomised controlled trial. Health Technol Assess 2006; 10(29):1-150
    4. MacKay G, Fearon K, McConnachie A, Serpell MG, Molloy RG, OÕDwyer PJ. Effect of postoperative intravenous fluid and sodium restriction on patient recovery after elective colorectal surgery: an observer blinded randomised trial. 2006
    5. Noblett SE, Snowden CP, Shenton BK, Horgan AF. Randomized clinical trial assessing the effect of Doppler-optimized fluid management on outcome after elective colorectal resection. Br J Surg 2006; 93:1069-1076
    6. Devanand A. Clinical Trial: Continuous hemodynamic monitoring by esophageal Doppler in severe sepsis. 2005
    7. Hadian M, Angus DC. Protocolized resuscitation with esophageal Doppler monitoring may improve outcome in post-cardiac surgery patients. Crit Care 2005; 9:E7
    8. Mackay ME, Saberi D, Caudwell L, McGoin H, Brady T, Singer M. Nurse-led haemodynamic management hospital stay in cardiac surgery patients. 2005 :045
    9. Wakeling HG, McFall M, Jenkins C, Woods WGA, Miles WFA, Sitzia J. Oesophageal Doppler guided stroke volume optimisation (SVO) shortens hospital stay after major bowel surgery. Anaesthesia 2005; 60(3):307- 308
    10. Wakeling HG, McFall MR, Jenkins CS, Woods WGA, Miles WFA, Barclay GR, Fleming SC. Intraoperative oesophageal Doppler guided fluid management shortens postoperative hospital stay after major bowel surgery. Br J Anaesth 2005; 95(5): 634-642
    11. McKendry M, McGloin H, Saberi D, Caudwell L, Brady AR, Singer M. Randomised controlled trial assessing the impact of a nurse delivered, flow monitored protocol for optimisation of circulatory status after cardiac surgery. Br Med J 2004; 329:258-262
    12. Stone MD, Wilson RJT, Cross J, Williams BT. Effect of adding dopexamine to intraoperative volume expansion in patients undergoing major elective abdominal surgery. Br J Aneasth 2003; 91(5):619-624
    13. Barclay L. Doppler-Guided fluid resuscitation improves post-op outcome. Medscape Today 2002
    14. Conway DH, Mayall R, Abdul-Latif MS, Gilligan S, Tackaberry C. Randomised controlled trial investigating the influence of intravenous fluid titration using oesophageal Doppler monitoring during bowel surgery. Anaesthesia 2002; 57:845-849
    15. Gan TJ, Soppitt A, Maroof M, El-Moalem H, Robertson KM, Moretti E, Dwane P, Glass PSA. Goal-directed intraoperative fluid administration reduces length of hospital stay after major surgery. Anesthesiology 2002; 97:820-826
    16. Venn R, Steele A, Richardson P, Poloniecki J, Grounds M, Newman P. Randomized controlled trial to investigate influence off the fluid challenge on duration of hospital stay and perioperative morbidity in patients with hip fractures. Br J Anaesth 2002; 88(1): 65-71
    17. Farrar D, Grocott MPW, Hamilton MA, Mythen MG. Optimal Care of the Higher Risk Surgical Patient. October 2000
    18. Meyer JP, Anand KK, Hancock TW, Hooker G, Ramsay MAE. Pilot study examining the role of the esophageal Doppler monitoring. ASA Meeting Abstract 2000: A-336
    19. Saberi, D Caudwell L, McGloin H, Singer M. Post-operative oesophageal Doppler optimisation: The cardiac patient. 2000
    20. Shi C, Morse LS, Douning LK, Chi L, Jessen ME. Optimizing intraoperative volume management during coronary bypass surgery. American Society of Anesthesiologists 2000:A-347
    21. Gan TJ, Horacek A, Maroof M, El-Moalem H, Bell E, Kucmeroski D, Malaisoodumperumal T, Glass PSA. Intraoperative volume expansion guided by esophageal Doppler improved postoperative outcome and shorted hospital stay. Anesth Anal 1999; 88:S1-424
    22. Guzzetta NA, Ramsay JG, Bailey JM, Palmer-Steele C. Clinical Evaluation of the esophageal Doppler Monitor for continuous cardiac output monitoring. Anesth Analg 1998; 86: SCA1-SCA124
    23. Sinclair S, James S, Singer M. Intraoperative intravascular volume optimisation and length of hospital stay after repair of proximal femoral fracture: randomised controlled trial. Br Med J 1997; 315:909-912
    24. Mythen MG, Webb AR. Perioperative plasma volume expansion reduces the incidence of gut mucosal hypoperfusion during cardiac surgery. Arch Surg 1995; 130:423:429
    25. Mythen MG, Webb AR. Intra-operative gut mucosal hypoperfusion is associated with increased postoperative complications and cost. Intensive Care Med 1994; 20:99-104

El ODM es el único monitor intraoperatorio probado en múltiples ensayos controlados aleatorios (ECA) que ayuda a reducir las complicaciones y a acortar la estancia hospitalaria.

Además, con el seguimiento Doppler transesofágico es excepcional ya que es la única modalidad de monitorización hemodinámica que ha sido objeto de una evaluación de tecnología de gran apoyo emprendidas por la Agencia del Gobierno de EE.UU., Agencia para la Investigación y Calidad de Atención Sanitaria (AHRQ). Usted puede encontrar un enlace a este documento en la barra del menú de la derecha.